Prevalence, clinical profile, and laboratory features of hospitalized under-five children with rotavirus-induced diarrhea

  • P Jyothirmayi
  • D Dnyanesh Kamble
  • V D Patil

Abstract

Background: Rotavirus is considered as an important causative agent for pediatric diarrhea. Despite recent studies, data available
on the prevalence of diarrhea due to rotavirus, among under-five children, are scarce. Objective: The objective of this study
is to estimate the prevalence, clinical profile, and laboratory features among hospitalized under-five children with rotavirusinduced
diarrhea. Materials and Methods: A total of 145 under-five children with diarrhea were included in the study. The
sociodemographic characteristics, clinical profile, and laboratory investigations of all the children were recorded. Stool samples
collected were tested for rotavirus antigen using enzyme immunoassay. Results: Of 145 stool samples processed, rotavirus antigen
was positive in 33.10% of cases, and male-to-female ratio was 1.1:1. The majority (62.76%) of the children with diarrhea were
aged ≤12 months. Rotavirus infection was significantly associated with socioeconomic status of the parents (p=0.023), maternal
education (p=0.028), fever (p=0.029), vomiting (p=0.001), restlessness (p=0.001), perianal excoriation (p=0.045), bottle feeding
(p=0.014), hypernatremia (p<0.001), and presence of reducing substances (p 0.001). Conclusion: Rotavirus-induced diarrhea was
diagnosed in one-third of the study children. Maternal education, symptoms of fever, vomiting, presence of reducing substances,
and age ≤12 months were found to be predisposing factors for rotavirus infection in under-five children. However, periodic review
on rotavirus and other co-pathogenic infections are required to validate the current findings.

Keywords: Diarrhea, Enzyme immunoassay, Pediatric, Rotavirus infection
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How to Cite
Jyothirmayi, P., Kamble, D., & Patil, V. (2018). Prevalence, clinical profile, and laboratory features of hospitalized under-five children with rotavirus-induced diarrhea. Indian Journal of Child Health, 5(4), 240-243. Retrieved from https://atharvapub.net/IJCH/article/view/886
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Original Articles