Temporal lobe involvement: A diagnostic challenge in Japanese encephalitis
Japanese encephalitis (JE) and herpes encephalitis are the most common endemic and sporadic encephalitis, respectively. A 10-yearold
boy, presented with features suggestive of viral meningoencephalitis, had neuroimaging suggestive of herpes encephalitis, but
cerebrospinal fluid serology was positive of JE. Temporal lobe involvement in JE may cause problems in differentiating it from herpes
encephalitis, which highlights the importance of both neuroimaging and serology for a complete diagnosis.